A chemical is made up of one or more chemical compounds that allow it to fulfill a certain function. Chemical compounds, on the other hand, are substances that have two or more elements that are part of the periodic table. The usual thing is that the chemical products are formed by an active component, which is the substance that allows it to develop its function, and various excipients, which improve their efficiency.
The chemical products, according to their characteristics, can serveto clean, disinfect, eliminate pests or carry out various processes industrial They are used, therefore, in factories, private homes and fields for agriculture, among many other spaces. It is important to note that many chemical products provide benefits in certain areas, but also cause damage in others.
Taking into account these collateral adverse effects that they generate, the Chemical products are qualified in different ways by the authorities, which can order the restriction or even ban its use. A chemical can cause different health problems. Some cause burns or sores upon contact with the skin. Others generate intoxication when they are ingested or aspirated, even involuntarily.
There are chemical products, on the other hand, that are risky because of their flammability. This means that, in certain high temperatures, they can explode and cause a fire. To avoid these disadvantages, the chemical products must be handled with caution and using certain safety elements, such as protective gloves or goggles that cover the eyes. In addition, there is a symbol system that warns users about the most dangerous properties of each product, some of which are the following:*Explosive: it can be any liquid, solid, gelatinous or pasty substance or preparation that violently reacts to heat, the presence of a flame, of friction or of a shock and that results in an explosion. This type of chemical can cause significant injuries if not handled responsibly;
* Oxidizer: a substance that feed the combustion of another that is flammable. Usually, the second it is the oxygen of the air, although it can also be an agent that contains oxygen, such as peroxides, chlorates and nitrates;* flammable: this type of chemical product (which can be liquid, gaseous or solid) catches fire when it comes into contact with air and continues to burn. It also includes any preparation or substance that is heated and inflamed without the need for extra energy and at room temperature, a solid that ignites easily after being in contact with a source of inflammation for a short time and that continues to burn on its own. , or a liquid with a low point of ignition or that gives off flammable gases when touching humid air or water;* corrosive: when coming into contact with living tissues, it can attack your integrity
;* irritant: a preparation that is not corrosive and that by touching mucous membranes or skin for varying periods of time or repeatedly can generate a inflammation;
* Harmful: when swallowed or inhaled, or when penetrating the skin, this substance may cause chronic or acute effects,without excluding death;* sensitizing: the effect that this chemical causes to those who ingest it, inhale it or allow it to penetrate the skin is a reaction of hypersensitivity, so that the next contact with it has very negative consequences;
* dangerous for the environment: any preparation and substance that carries a danger for one or several components of the environment, either short or long term.