Sodium cyanide or sodium cyanide (NaCN) is the sodium salt of hydrocyanic acid (HCN), it is a highly toxic chemical compound, also known as sodium salt of hydrocyanic acid and cyanogran.
Sodium cyanide is used in the mining and metallurgical industry in:
In addition to:
Another application is as insecticides. It also serves as entomologists as an agent of slaughter in collecting the jars.
The substance decomposes on burning producing toxic fumes of nitrogen oxides. The substance is a strong base. Reacts violently with acids and corrosive to metals such as aluminum and zinc. Reacts violently with strong oxidants such as nitrates and chlorine compounds, causing fire and explosion hazard.
The substance decomposes in the presence of air, moisture or carbon dioxide, producing highly toxic and flammable hydrogen cyanide fumes.